Home Latest News A timeline of the Israeli-Palestinian battle since 1948

A timeline of the Israeli-Palestinian battle since 1948


An Israeli policeman secures a taking pictures assault website in east Jerusalem, Saturday, Jan. 28, 2023. A Palestinian gunman opened hearth in east Jerusalem, wounding at the least two folks lower than a day after one other attacker killed seven exterior a synagogue there within the deadliest assault within the metropolis since 2008. (AP Photograph/Mahmoud Illean)


The latest surge of violence and assaults between Israelis and Palestinians has introduced new consideration to an previous downside. The roots of the battle and distrust are deep and sophisticated, predating the institution of the state of Israel in 1948. The previous seven many years have witnessed struggle, uprisings and, at occasions, glimmers of hope for compromise. Here’s a timeline:

1948: A regional battle grows amid the tip of the British mandate for Palestine and Israel’s declaration of independence in Could 1948. A coalition of Arab states, allied with Palestinian factions, battle Israeli forces. In the long run, Israel controls a big portion of territory. A whole lot of hundreds of Palestinians flee or are pushed from their land.

July 1956: Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal, an important commerce route connecting the Crimson Sea and the Mediterranean. Israel invades Egypt, adopted by forces from Britain and France. A peace deal, backed by america and Soviet Union, ends the combating. However the canal was blocked by sunken ships and didn’t reopen till 1957.

June 1967: The “Six-Day Conflict” begins with Israeli warplanes hanging Egyptian airfields and Israeli floor forces getting into the Sinai Peninsula. The struggle broke out amid lingering conflicts, together with Egypt’s continued blockade of transport into the Gulf of Aqaba. Jordan joins the combating alongside Egypt, however Israeli forces have the higher hand after practically wiping out Egypt’s air energy. Israel takes management of the Gaza Strip, Sinai, the West Financial institution, the Golan Heights and predominantly Arab East Jerusalem. A whole lot of hundreds of Palestinians flee or are displaced.

October 1973: A coalition of Arab nations, led by Egypt and Syria, launch a shock assault on Israel. The Arab forces initially gained floor, however have been pushed again by an Israeli counteroffensive aided by provides from allies, together with america.

1978: A peace deal between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Start, often called the Camp David accords, is brokered on Sept. 17, 1978, by President Jimmy Carter. Potential Palestinian peace proposals have been mentioned, however by no means carried out.

December 1987: A Palestinian rebellion, or intifada, brings clashes and protests within the West Financial institution, Gaza and Israel. Unrest continues for years, with many killed or injured on either side.

1993: The primary of two pacts, often called the Oslo accords, are signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Group, setting out a peace course of based mostly on earlier U.N. resolutions. (A follow-up accord was signed in 1995.) The agreements created the Palestinian Authority, to supervise most administrative affairs within the West Financial institution and Gaza. The PLO is acknowledged by Israel and america as a negotiating accomplice. Left unresolved, nonetheless, are key points akin to Israeli settlements within the West Financial institution and the standing of Jerusalem, which is considered by the Palestinians because the capital of any future state.

2000: The second intifada, or Palestinian rebellion, begins after riots broke out following a go to by right-wing Israeli political determine Ariel Sharon (and later prime minister) to a compound in Jerusalem commemorated in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Clashes and different violence proceed till 2005, leaving tons of lifeless on either side.

2006: The Palestinian militant group Hamas wins elections in Gaza, resulting in political strains with the extra average Fatah celebration controlling the West Financial institution.

December 2008: Israel begins three weeks of assaults on Gaza after rocket barrages into Israel by Palestinian militants, who’re equipped by tunnels from Egypt. Greater than 1,110 Palestinians and at the least 13 Israelis are killed.

November 2012: Israel kills Hamas army chief Ahmed Jabari, touching off greater than per week of rocket hearth from Gaza and Israeli airstrikes. No less than 150 Palestinians and 6 Israelis are killed.

Summer season 2014: Hamas militants kill three Israeli youngsters kidnapped close to a Jewish settlement within the West Financial institution, prompting an Israeli army response. Hamas solutions with rocket assaults from Gaza. A seven-week battle leaves greater than 2,200 Palestinians lifeless in Gaza. In Israel, 67 troopers and 6 civilians are killed.

December 2017: The Trump administration acknowledges Jerusalem because the capital of Israel and declares that it plans to shift the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv, stirring outrage from Palestinians.

2018: Protests happen in Gaza alongside the fence with Israel, together with demonstrators hurling rocks and gasoline bombs throughout the barrier. Israeli troops kill greater than 170 protesters over a number of months. In November, Israel levels a covert raid into Gaza. No less than seven suspected Palestinian militants and a senior Israeli military officer are killed. From Gaza, tons of of rockets are fired into Israel.

Could 2021: After weeks of rigidity in Jerusalem led to Israeli police raiding al-Aqsa Mosque, one of many holiest websites in Islam, Hamas fired rockets towards the town for the primary time in years, prompting Israel to retaliate with airstrikes. The combating, the fiercest since at the least 2014, noticed hundreds of rockets fired from Gaza and hundred of airstrikes on the Palestinian territory, with greater than 200 killed in Gaza and at the least 10 killed in Israel.

Spring 2022: A spate of violence on Israelis by Palestinians marked the deadliest string of terrorist assaults in Israel in years — with 14 Israelis killed in a handful of particular person Palestinian assaults between March 22 and April 8. In response, Israel clamped down on militants and activists, and launched the “Break the Wave” army operation within the West Financial institution. The operation contributed to creating 2022 a very lethal yr. Israeli forces killed 146 Palestinians within the West Financial institution this yr, a demise toll larger than in some other yr because the United Nations started retaining file in 2005. Israel’s International Ministry mentioned Palestinians killed 29 Israelis that yr.

December 2022: Benjamin Netanyahu was sworn in once more as Israeli prime minister, after successful an election that gave him his sixth time period and elevated a once-fringe bloc of far-right politicians into highly effective seats. He cobbled collectively probably the most far-right authorities in Israeli historical past, which critics say has already begun to remove any prospect of a two-state answer.

January 2023: Israeli forces raided the Palestinian metropolis of Jenin in one of many deadliest operations in practically 20 years, partaking in a shootout and killing 9 folks, at the least one civilian amongst them, on Jan. 26. The subsequent day, a Palestinian gunman killed seven folks, together with youngsters, throughout prayers at an East Jerusalem synagogue.

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